Elephant hawk moth
This large moth (65 mm) is a lepidoptera insect from the Sphingidae family. Its polyphagic caterpillars, which appear from July to September, attack vine leaves.
A term used to describe a family of aromas that recall burnt, cooked or smoked notes (from the Greek pyros, meaning fire).
A French term used to describe the relative proportions of different grape varieties at a wine estate. In Bordeaux, encepagement is related to the different parcels of land depending on the soil, micro-climates and sun exposure. It also varies depending on the style of wine required.
A French term for the removal of the buds or branches from the base of the vine stock or unwanted shoots from the ground.